Choose another country or region to see content specific to your location.

Request your free brochure for adventure inspiration. Order Now

Contact
Nazca Lines Peru

Nazca Lines

Nazca Lines Adventure Holidays

Essential Peru

Plaza de Armas, Cuzco, Peru
15 Days from USD 3,549

Guided Group (Incl. Taxes)

Southern Peru's archaeological and natural wonders

Culture

Essential Peru – Inti Raymi Festival Departure

APDA
16 Days from USD 4,479

Guided Group (Incl. Taxes)

Wonders of southern Peru and attend a festival in Cuzco

Culture
New

RCGS: Essential Peru with Jill Heinerth

Plaza de Armas, Cuzco, Peru
15 Days from USD 4,349

Guided Group (Incl. Taxes)

Nov 3, 2023: Unveil the mysteries of the Incan empire with award-winning explorer, diver, author and filmmaker for the BBC, National Geographic, and PBS Jill Heinerth.

Culture

Inca Trail, Titicaca & Nazca

Lake Titicaca
15 Days from USD 4,249

Guided Group (Incl. Taxes)

Peru's deserts and high Andes and follow a classic trekking route

Walking & Trekking

Peru Explorer

APX
20 Days from USD 5,949

Guided Group (Incl. Taxes)

A discovery of southern Peru from the Andes to the Amazon

Culture

As with all Exodus trips that I have been on, prepare yourself for early starts and long days. It is not a holiday but more of an adventure so be prepared to immerse yourself in a feast of archaeology and  anthropology in order to gain some understanding of the cultures and history of one of the cradles of civilisation. You will explore the diverse geographical regions from coastal deserts, islands, high altitude lakes, the Altiplanos, the famous sacred valley from Cusco, the spectacular Machu Picchu and the depths of the Amazon rainforest. There are an endless numbers of churches, museums, archaeological sites to admire and inform your thirst for knowledge. The Incas, although significant, were not the only civilisation to occupy Peru.

If you are as lucky as we were, Exodus managed to make the earth move for us (4.3 on the Richter scale at Arequipa} and a nearby volcano even elected a new Pope! Later on, they conversed with the gods to allow us to experience a 24-hour rainstorm in the forest- it easily beat the 5inch days I used to see in Wales.

Our driver, Alex, successfully managed the frenetic driving conditions in the cities, Pan American Highway and our ascent into the Andes- I could not work out whether a Highway Code actually exists. At the end of each day, he was also skilled in Acupressure and massage- enough to release any tensions.

Our guide had the unique knack of managing and leading our group to maximise their understanding of not only his proud identity as one of the ‘locals’ but also to find other passionate guides at different intervals to further our understanding of the history of his country. Despite the farmers’ protests towards the end, he still managed to get us to the pinnacle of the trip- Machu Picchu.

Truly an adventure in which you have to immerse yourself.

Graham Wright Peru Explorer

This is really varied trip, which allows you to see different regions and terrains of Peru , from coastal islands to deserts, to the Andes mountains and Machu Picchu, to the islands and communities of Lake Titicaca. A fantastic choice if you want to see more of the country than just Cusco and Machu Picchu.

Elsbeth Headley Essential Peru
Jinny Pohl Essential Peru

Solving the Enigma: Top Nazca Lines Theories

Only discovered in the 1930s, countless theories claim to solve the enigma of Nazca – from astronomical calendars to extraterrestrial airports:

1 Astronomical advice
One of the earliest Nazca researchers Maria Reiche, who dedicated most of her life to studying the lines, was convinced they represented a vast astronomical calendar constructed to map the places on the horizon where celestial bodies rose and set. Unfortunately other academics have found her evidence wanting.

2 For the eyes of the Gods
Many believe that an ancient culture constructed the lines for the eyes of the gods, not for human viewing at all. All of the lines point towards the Andes, suggesting worship of the mountains and the precious water that flows from them to this arid area. Their creation may also have been a reaction to a unique series of solar eclipses in Peru at the time, when the eclipsed sun could have been taken for the “eye of god”.

3 Water works
Another water theory suggests that the lines indicate where rich sources of water flow under the desert floor. They may have acted as a guide for thirsty ancient Nazcan people, so they could locate water when they needed it, wherever they were in the desert.

4 Alien ancestors
One of the best known Nazca theories was put forward in Erich von Daniken’s “Chariots of the Gods” where he claims the lines were alien aircraft landing strips. He argues they are simply too complex to be drawn from earth so they must have been made from the air. Other theorists agree on this point, some proposing the ancient Nazcans must have constructed hot air balloons from the primitive materials available at the time.

Expert Blog Entries