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Great Wall of china

A – Z of Architectural Wonders of the World

Read time - 4 minutes

Take an alphabetical journey through the world’s most incredible buildings. These architectural wonders of the world may be ancient, historic structures steeped in long-lost traditions or avant-garde masterpieces of the modern day.

Here are 26 manmade wonders guaranteed to blow you away.

Architectural Marvels

A - Angkor Wat, Cambodia

Angkor Thom Asura Angkor Thom Asura 

The largest temple complex in the world has over 500 acres of temples, but it’s the endless parade of delicate relief carvings of gods, apsaras (nymphs) and ordinary people that is most mind-boggling.

Take me there: Angkor trips

B - Bagan, Myanmar/Burma

sunsetBagan at Sunset, Burma 

Bagan is a vast, sprawling spread of romantically crumbling temples and pagodas. For wide horizons, dramatic desert scenes and peaceful wanderings, it’s hard to beat. For serene sunsets, it’s impossible.

Take me there: Burma trips

C - Catherine Palace, Russia

catherine palaceCatherine Palace, St Petersburg 

The grandiose blue and gilt gold palace of the tsars is a how-to guide in rococo style opulence, stupendous financial expenditure and sheer, unquestioned power.

Take me there: St Petersburg trips

D - Dubrovnik Old Town, Croatia

DubrovnikDubrovnik Old Town from above 

A maze of cool, cobbled streets roofed with burnt orange tiles and domed towers, Dubrovnik is a deserved world heritage site, perfect for a wander with a camera and an artistic eye.

Take me there: Dubrovnik trips

E - Egyptian Pyramids, Egypt

Pyramids of EgyptEgyptian Pyramids 

The architectural brilliance of the world’s most recognisable tombs is mind-boggling. Just trying to grasp the size, weight and mathematical brilliance of their construction, led by the architect Imhotep, is off the scale.

Take me there: Egypt trips

F - Fatehpur Sikri, India

fatehpur sikriFatehpur Sikri in Agra 

The abandoned city in Rajasthan has an eerie quality to its beautiful red stone. The one-time imperial playground and pleasure palace is a majestic architectural gem of huge arches and suitably regal proportions.

Take me there: Rajasthan trips

G - Gyeongbokgung Palace, South Korea

Gyeongbokgung Palace 

The ‘Palace of Shining Happiness’ is the pinnacle of architectural flair during the 500 year Joseon Dynasty, with its dramatic tiered roofs, skilful carpentry and surrounded by tranquil lakes and gardens.

 

H - Hagia Sophia, Turkey

hagia sophiaHagia Sophia Istanbul 

Where world religions coexist, the yo-yo history of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul makes it truly unique. Both basilica and mosque, it is famous as the epitome of Byzantine architecture, with its huge domes.

Take me there: Istanbul trips

I - Icehotel, Sweden

ICEHOTEL SWEDENIcehotel, Sweden 

Every year this mutable work of art is re-built in thousands of tons of snow and ice, to brand new designs born in the imaginations of world-renowned artists. In spring it will melt and vanish.

Take me there: ICEHOTEL trips

J - Jaisalmer Fort, India

man in window jaisalmerMan in window, Jaisalmer 

The sinking fort at Jaisalmer is the last bastion of civilisation before the sweeping sands of the Great Thar Desert. It’s a joy to wander the honeycomb of sandstone alleyways and imposing arches.

Take me there: Rajasthan trips

K - Kiyomizu-dera Temple, Japan

temple gate japanKiyomizu temple gate, Kyoto 

Just one of the exquisite temples in Kyoto, the bright red tiers of the Kiyomizu-dera are unmistakable. The UNESCO site was constructed in 1633 and contains many temples and shrines decorated with incense and omikuji (paper fortunes).

Take me there: Kyoto trips

L - Lalibela Rock Churches, Ethiopia

lalibelaLalibela 

A place of pilgrimage and devotion, the ancient rock-hewn churches in Ethiopia are a labour of love and worship. The 11 medieval monolithic churches remain an incredible architectural feat even today.

Take me there: Ethiopia trips

M - Machu Picchu, Peru

machu picchuMachu Picchu on the Inca Trail, Peru 

Wedged between swollen lumps of the Andes, lined with stone steps and crowned with clouds, Machu Picchu is an archaeologists dream. These beautiful ruins are one of the must-see sights of South America.

Take me there: Machu Picchu trips

N - Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany

Neuschweinstein CastleNeuschwanstein Castle 

It’s a fairytale come to life. Valiantly protected by statuesque, forested mountains, the Romanesque revival castle is decorated with stories of daring knights, noble ladies and of course, wild romances.

Take me there: Germany trips

O - Ollantaytambo, Peru

Ollantaytambo Ruins 

Beautiful Ollantaytambo is quiet and peaceful. Ingenious waterways trace the cobbled streets, but what makes this town truly interesting is the blend of ancient Inca foundations supporting later colonial additions, now coexisting on every street corner.

Take me there: Peru trips

P - Petra, Jordan

treasury petraTreasury, Petra 

Unleash your inner Indiana Jones. The (almost) impenetrable desert fortress of Petra is carved directly into the rock, with the epicentre undeniably the imposing Treasury’s huge columns.

Take me there: Petra trips

Q - Quan Cong Temple, Vietnam

One of Hoi An’s most distinctive landmarks, this Vietnamese temple honouring the general is a visual feast: colourful statues, columns topped with lotus flowers and lacquered artworks inscribed with poems.

Take me there: Vietnam trips

R - Registan Square, Uzbekistan

Registan Square, UzbekistanRegistan Square, Uzbekistan 

Uzbekistan’s most famous public place is framed on three sides with impressive, beautiful Madrassahs (schools) – perfect examples of Islamic architecture, decorated with elaborate geometric designs.

Take me there: Uzbekistan trips

S - Shiraz, Iran

shiraz templeNasir ol Molk Mosque 

The oldest city from the Persian Empire, Shiraz is known as a centre for learning and culture. Its crowning architectural gem is the kaleidoscopic Nazir al-Mulk mosque, a rare example of stained glass windows in Islamic architecture.

Take me there: Middle East trips

T - Taj Mahal, India

taj mahalTaj Mahal 

It’s been called the most romantic building in the world – and when the rising sun glitters rainbow-hued off the white marble domes and minarets, a blend of Moghul and Persian traditions, it’s impossible to disagree.

Take me there: Taj Mahal trips

U - Uxmal, Mexico

uxmalUxmal 

Perhaps the most important site for Mayan history, Uxmal is a superb example of Puuc architecture originating from this area. Prepared to be humbled by the domineering stare of the rain god Chac, who covers the walls.

Take me there: Mayan trips

V - Viceregal Lodge (also known as Rashtrapati Niwas), India

viceregal lodgeViceregal Lodge, Shimla 

Designed by British architect Henry Irwin in the Jacobethan style, a blend of dramatic gothic and grandiose classical, this colonial-era mansion has since found new life as a home for the Indian Institute of Advanced Study.

Take me there: India trips

W - Wall of China, China

Great Wall 

It’s hard to envisage a more iconic or imposing monument to human endeavour than the horizon-spanning Great Wall of China – a landmark which dominates the skyline.

Take me there: Great Wall trips

X - Xingjiao Temple, China

The ancient stone pagoda of Xingjiao temple in Xi'an dates back to the Tang Dynasty of the 7th and 8th century. This Buddhist beauty may be a five-storied structure, but more stories lie inside.

Take me there: Xi'an trips

Y - Yudanaka village, Japan

Traditional villages rarely come more picturesque than this: narrow streets lined with tall tiered buildings hung with beautiful paper lamps and housing twenty different onsens, or thermal hot springs for bathing.

Take me there: Japan trips

Z - Znojmo Castle, Czech Republic

znojmo castle Znojmo Castle, Czech Republic

This distinctive red-roofed castle dates back as far as 1080 when the then-wooden stronghold guarded against attack. The current structure dates from the 12th Century and now is a brewery.

Take me there: Czech Republic trips

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