Project Completed: June 2012
Phase three of the smokeless stoves project was designed to build further capacity in the community, to further increase awareness of the health and environmental benefits of using efficient stoves and the importance of proper ventilation in kitchens, and to facilitate the construction of an additional 51 stoves.
A community capacity building meeting was held to provide the community with the skills, training and knowledge to sustain the stoves project. Awareness-raising activities were undertaken by 90 trained youth, targeting 540 households in nine villages. In addition, the youth constructed 51 efficient stoves. The community has taken ownership of the project, and created tools to facilitate construction and awareness-raising activities, and to monitor and evaluate their actions.
The new stoves perform well and the communities report that the anticipated benefits have been realised.
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Posted: June 2012 - View Project Photo Gallery
Geita District, Mwanza Region, Tanzania.
* To build 140 smokeless stoves
* To provide training to 70 local people
* To increase community awareness
* To reduce carbon emissions
Who is Involved?
After successfully completing a number of projects around the world and in particulary Nepal, we are proud to be in a in partnership with Plan to fund a Smokeless Stove programme in Tanzania.
The Geita District is located in the Mwanza Region, it is bordered to the South and the West by Shinyanga Region, to the North by the Sengerema District and to the East by the Misungwi District. Geita has 7 divisions, 33 wards and a total number of 185 registered villages.
According to the 2002 census Geita has a population of 712,195 people (Male 355,823 and 356,372 female)
The main economic activities in Geita are farming, livestock keeping, trading, fishing and mining. However, the main activity is farming which comprises 77% of the population in Geita. The main crops grown are maize, cassava, sweet potatoes, beans and bananas.
Geita is one of the main gold producing areas in the country with Geita Gold Mine being Tanzania’s largest Gold producer. This has resulted to an influx of people migrating to Geita to seek employment, which has had major environmental effects to the district.
Geita District has been highly affected by de-forestation, the majority of people in rural areas of Geita are entirely dependent on firewood while many town residents use charcoal for all their fuel needs. Hardly anyone has access to gas or electricity except in the largest towns. The district’s close proximity to Mwanza Region, which is one of the fastest growing cities in Tanzania due to its booming mining and fishing industry has also placed great pressure on Geita’s natural resource.
Cooking over open, indoor fires has had a detrimental effect on the health of women and children in particular. Exposure to high levels of pollutants from wood smoke cause eye and lung problems. Rural women walk increasingly long distances to collect wood and carry heavy bundles home on average 2 or 3 times per week. Due to the lack of community awareness on the effects of pollutants from wood smoke to the eyes, elderly women have fallen victim of superstitious beliefs by some community members that elderly women with red eyes are witches. This has caused more than 196 elderly women to be killed in six regions of the country last year alone, Shinyanga being on top with 50 murders and Mwanza being the second highest with 38 murders.
Rural women spend long hours collecting fuel wood. This puts women at a greater disadvantage as it prevents them from having time to participate in other productive, educational, or income generating activities. As a result women in the district are the poorest members of community.
How is Exodus helping?
Funding the Project:
Exodus are donating £21,697 to implement 140 smokeless stoves in seven villages and train 70 members of the community to ensure sustainability. This programme will impact greatly on the health of the communities, particularly the women and children. With client donations we hope to be able to scale up the project and help more villages.
Reducing Carbon Emissions:
The implementation of smokeless stoves will reduce the demand for trees for fuel which will help lessen the pressure on the vegetation of the region and enable regeneration to take place.The reduced amount of firewood used will importantly help reduce carbon emissions.
Community members will be consulted and made aware of the importance of planting trees, hence preserving the natural resources of Geita for future generations. There will be less time needed to go and collect firewood which will mean particularly for the women they have more time to do more worthwhile activities and will help empower them. Through the introduction of smokeless stoves and communities being sensitized, the lives of elderly women will be safeguarded and prolonged, as they won’t be subjected to brutal murders.
Where will the project be implemented?
The project will be implemented in IIhanamilo ward which has seven villages which are Nyanguku (2,134 population), Ikulwa (4,612 population), Shinamwenda (2,287 population), Bunegezi (3,105 population), Mwagimagi (1,585 population), Nyakato (3,717 population) and Igenge (2,624 population).
The ward was selected based on the increase environmental degradation that is taking place in the area and also the outbreak in the number of elderly women being murdered due to superstitious principles associated with elderly women with red eyes.
Explanation of Project and Targets
1. Community Sensitization (talking to and building a relationship with the communities so they can understand why and how Plan can work with them):
• Village leaders will be sensitized on smokeless stoves and the benefits it will have to their communities’ for example: elderly women who have been subjected to murders and other forms of abuse and the effects of cutting trees without having any form of control.
• Communities will be sensitized on the consequences of environmental degradation in tree cutting, effects of smoke both in health and physical perspectives and on how to construct smokeless stoves and usage of smokeless stoves.
2. Training of builders:
• The implementing partners will work directly with communities to deliver improved stoves. They will work closely with the village leaders to select suitable villagers to train as stove builders. Training takes 5 days and includes theory and practical sessions.
• 10 stove builders will be trained per village (7 villages will be part of the training).
• Each trainee will build a stove for two households during training. Stove builders will be provided with a manual to refer back to. Priority will be given to households with elderly women and small children.
• Monitoring will be conducted by the implementing partner once the stove builders have completed building the stoves in the 1st identified household in order to check the standard of the stoves built, help stove owners learns how to use them and resolve any problems that might arise. The second monitoring will be done once the stove building for the 2nd household identified has been completed.
To view the planned breakdown of the cost please click here
This project will directly benefit 140 households in 7 villages in Geita and will indirectly benefit 20,064 community members of IIhanamilo ward.
Currently none of our trips run to this region. However, there will be a special departure in 2009 that will enable clients to visit the communities where Exodus and Plan have helped re-build community life